CHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF SOME SYNTHESIZED CHALCONES AND HETROCYCLIC COMPOUNDSJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 7)
Publication Date: 2021-07-14
Authors : Geeta N Lodhi; Amit Nayak;
Page : 747-771
Keywords : Synthesis Chalcone Hetrocyclic Compound Antioxidant Antifungal;
Pharmaceutical chemistry is focused on quality aspects of medicines and aims to assure fitness for the purpose of medicinal products. With centuries medicinal chemistry had emerged as a magnanimous field of science getting a facelift from the available natural compounds for synthesis of newer and complex molecules possessing medicinal activity while the transit from the earth to a synthetically furnished laboratory. Medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry is a discipline at the intersection of chemistry and pharmacology involved with designing, synthesizing and developing pharmaceutical drugs. Chalconesis a generic term given to compounds bearing the 1,3-diarylprop2-en-1-one, which can be functionlized in the propane chain by the presence of olefinic, keto and/or hydroxyl group. Chalcones belongs to the flavonoid family. Chemically chalcones consisted of open chain flavonoids in which the two aromaticrings are joined by a three carbon a,ÃŸ-unsaturated carbonyl system (Dhar, 1981). Microorganisms are a heterogeneous group of several distinct classes of living beings. They were classified under third kingdom, theProstita. Based on differences in cellular organization and biochemistry, the kingdom prostita has been divided into two groups, Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Bacteria and blue green algae are prokaryotes while fungi, other algae, slime moulds and protozoa are eukaryotes. Anti-fungal drugs are among the most frequently prescribed preparations because of their fungal activity. They are widely used for the treatment of the fungal diseases such as Candidiasis and Apergillosis. These agents prevent from fungal infection. Anti-oxidant drugs are among the most frequently prescribed preparations prevent Oxidation.
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