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Development of autonomy of children of early age as a factor of formation of an active life position of a self-developed creative person

Journal: Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Pedagogy and Psychology” (Vol.3, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 147-150

Keywords : personality; development; early age; developmental environment; independent activity; productive activity; educational activity; games classes; active life position;

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The problem of the formation of independence at an early age as the basis for the formation of an active life position of a self-perfect and creative person has been highlighted in the article; it was noted that at an early age the foundation of the future person, the foundations of physical and mental health, the socialization of anxiety are formed. In the early childhood education has great influence at the condition of maximum use of the child's activity, attraction to activity that best reflects its interests, attitude toward the world. An independent role in the development of the child plays an important role, which is emphasized in the psychological and pedagogical researches of outstanding teachers (B. Spok, M. Montessori, N.M. Schhelovanov, N.M. Askarina, A.I. Vozna, A.V. Proskur, S.T. Teplyuk, etc.) the importance of creating pedagogical conditions for the organization of independent activity of the child, which contributes to the formation of its creative personality has been proved. The author has revealed own research, which showed that in the practice of the work of the preschool institution and families, the children should be encouraged to act independently in all types of activities, to perceive and adopt the child as it is, the trust of the child to the adult and respect from the adult to the child as a person. Hinder development of autonomy of children: excessive care; neglect of the real feelings and needs of the child; critical attitude to the child and the results of its activity. For development in the modern conditions of a fully harmoniously developed personality, an important condition for the effectiveness of the educational process is the qualitative organization of various forms of specially organized and independent activity of children during the day in the preschool institution and in the family.

Last modified: 2021-08-31 17:45:29