ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login


Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 7)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 335-349

Keywords : Maize Inbred Lines Variability Heritability Genetic Diversity;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Genetic divergence study is imperative in breeding programmes in order to select distant parents. Forty maize inbred lines were assessed using morphometric markers to identify the potential inbred lines for yield and its component traits. The inbred lines were raised in α-RBD design replicated twice during kharif 2019. The morphological diversity analysis was done as per the standard statistical procedures using Mahalanobis D2-statistic. Analysis of variance revealed significant mean sum of squares due to genotypes for all the traits suggesting ample amount of genetic variability present among them. Moderate PCV, GCV and high heritability coupled with moderate genetic advance was observed for grain yield per plant, plant and cob placement height. Grain yield per plant exhibited significant positive correlation with all the traits except days to 50 per cent pollen shed and silking. Path analysis revealed high direct effects of days to 50 per cent pollen shed, harvest index, grains per row and 100 grain-weight on grain yield per plant therefore these morphometric traits would be the best selection indices to select high yielding genotypes. D2-statistics grouped 40 maize genotypes into three clusters. Cluster III has the highest cluster mean values for all the traits.Seven genotypes viz., 4186-4-05-1-1, LM-14, BAJIM-08-27, BIOM 10, LQPM24×1114-5, 9180-2, LDH 5(Vivek-21-1) were superior over the best check on the basis of mean performance and disease resistance and were diverse therefore, could be used in maize improvement program.

Last modified: 2021-08-31 22:53:22