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Journal: International Scientific Journal "Internauka" (Vol.1, No. 108)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 24-27

Keywords : problem - based learning; problem situation; ways to create a problem situation in Ukrainian language and literature lessons;

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The article considers the views of scientists on the technology of problem-based learning and the possibility of its use in lessons of Ukrainian and literature. There is also an explanation of the concept of problem-based learning, which is characterized as follows. Problem-based learning is a method of learning in which real complex problems are used as an educational tool. Task- based learning stimulates application provides real experience that promotes an active learning process, helps to systematize knowledge and naturally integrates school learning and real life. Sources of situations for problem-based learning can be publications from newspapers and magazines, descriptions from books or entries from professional diaries, stories from television or Internet channels. An important aspect of teaching children in Ukrainian language and literature lessons in secondary and high school is to find real problems in which students try on specific roles, get responsibilities, and which are really interesting at their age. The method of problem-based learning is based on stimulating the work of thinking (reproductive, productive). The highest level of problematic educational situation indicates that the student formulates the problem (task), finds a solution, implements it and controls the correctness of the solution. At a low level of difficulty, the student implements only the third component of this process (solution), and everything else is done by the teacher. Numerous studies confirm the effectiveness of problem-based learning in both secondary and high school. But at every stage of students' development, there must be real problems in which they are able to succeed, and these tasks must really correlate with the age of students.

Last modified: 2021-10-13 22:02:01