Policy of Sports Rules and Institutions in the Globalization & Network Society EraJournal: Cultural-Social Studies of Olympic (Vol.1, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2020-08-30
Authors : Abbas Mossalanejad;
Page : 33-56
Keywords : Sports policy; globalization; universalism of rules and institutions and network society;
Globalization is a process whereby local, national and regional rules and institutions are lined up in the network and global setting. According to the approach adopted by Schultz and Giddens, such a process is considered as normative and institutional universalism. In the globalization process, we witness the emergence of a wide range of areas of cultural development and actions by players or actors that are present in the global setting and play their role under the influence of transnational institutions. In the final years of the twentieth century, Manuel Castells employed the concept of ‘network society’ in connection with the economic, social, sports and family structures of the twenty-first century. Historic and institutional evaluations are indicative of the fact that the primary area of global institutional development is related to economic areas. Political and security institutions entered the realm of general rules and policies of the world order gradually. The main question raised by the present paper is, “What features and processes does the policy of sports rules and institutions possess in the globalization era?” The paper’s hypothesis points out that “the sports policy in the globalization era is based on the universalism of sports rules and institutions and plays its role in the network society.” This paper’s approach is based on Schultz’ globalization and institutional policy approach which focuses on the integration of action patterns and behavioral rules of players. This study was carried out by means of data analysis as well as content analysis.
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