WORLD PRACTICE OF USE E-SYSTEMS FOR ORGANIZATION OF TENDERSJournal: International scientific journal "Internauka." Series: "Economic Sciences" (Vol.1, No. 51)
Publication Date: 2021-07-31
Authors : Nykonenko Andrii; Kapinus Larysa;
Page : 40-45
Keywords : e-system; e-tender; public procurement;
The development of the information society in Western world contributes to the introduction of e-systems in the field of public procurement. As a result, the level of corruption in this area decreases and the efficiency of tenders increases. The objectives of the article are to study the best practices of using e-systems in tender procedures in Western countries and to search for ways to improve the domestic system of electronic public procurement. The stages of the e-tender procedure in the field of public procurement are presented. A message about the planned tender is distributed on a special electronic resource. It also contains detailed information about the terms of these trades. On a special electronic resource, there should be tools for posting proposals of bidders and their subsequent automatic evaluation. The mentioned resource should provide opportunities for the execution of the contract and individual financial transactions in the field of public procurement. The types of e-tenders in the European Union are considered. The level of development of the organization of e-tenders in separate countries of the European Union is analyzed. The countries with high and low levels of use of e-systems in the field of public procurement are highlighted. The organization of electronic tenders in Lithuania and Norway was considered. The practice of using e-systems in the field of public procurement in the United States has been studied in detail. In particular, the procedure for collecting, storing and disseminating data on public procurement was considered. The US Federal Procurement Data System stores and provides information on public procurement for the past forty years. This allows for effective state and public control in this area. The organization of electronic trading in Ukraine is analyzed. Its weaknesses and recent measures to overcome them are considered. The main directions for improving the organization of electronic public procurement in Ukraine have been determined. This is the introduction of a central information system for public procurement, innovative partnerships and electronic ordering.
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