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Commercial exploitation of Kуiv reservoir as a fishery water body (a review)

Journal: Fisheries Science of Ukraine (Vol.58, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 5-28

Keywords : Kуiv reservoir; fishery water body; hydrological regime; water chemical composition; water oxygen regime; heavy metals; bottom sediments; landscape formation; radioecological situation;

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Purpose. To analyze an array of special scientific literature and summarize the obtained information on the commercial exploitation of the Kуiv reservoir as a fishery water body. To review main abiotic conditions of the reservoir, which exist and form the specificity of its commercial use by the fishery industry of Ukraine. To highlight the historical course of their impact on the fish fauna of the Kyiv Reservoir and general forecasts for its future transformations. Findings. An overview of scientific publications devoted to the specifics of commercial exploitation of the Kуiv reservoir as a fishery water body from the moment of its creation to the present day were presented. In particular, following was analyzed: hydrological regime, color and chemical composition of water, oxygen regime, accumulation of heavy metals, formation of bottom sediments and landscape. In addition, the radioecological situation in the reservoir was anazyed, both general and in three most significant areas for fisheries — in bottom sediments, macrophytes, and fish fauna. The literature data on the specificity of the above-mentioned abiotic factors in this reservoir, which form the hydro-ecological feature of this reservoir, were generalized. The main directions of their influence on the ichthyofauna of the Kуiv reservoir, which affect the possibility of its commercial exploitation, were described. The share of anthropogenic origin in the composition of the above-mentioned abiotic factors and the consequences of its impact were highlighted. The perspective ways of further development of the Kiev reservoir as a fishery water body of strategic importance for Ukraine were shown. Practical Value. The review may be useful for scientists, PhD students, students, government authorities, and private entrepreneurs involved in research process or exploatation of aquatic living resources in internal water bodies, primarily in the Kуiv reservoir.

Last modified: 2022-01-03 16:48:10