MATERNAL AND PERINATAL OUTCOMES IN PREGNANCY ASSOCIATED WITH ABRUPTIO PLACENTAJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 12)
Publication Date: 2021-12-14
Authors : Jyoti Gupta Anuradha Jyoti Hak Harleen; Lakshay Mehta;
Page : 559-563
Keywords : Abruption Placenta Haemorrhage;
Background: Placental Abruption is an important cause of antepartum haemorrhage. It is defined as the separation of the placenta either partially or totally from its implantation site before delivery. APH is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Therefore the study was planned to study the maternal and perinatal outcomes in patients of abruption placenta. Methods: The present study was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology, SMGS, Hospital, Govt. Medical College Jammu over a period of 1 year. It was a prospective study and all case of Abruptio placenta â‰¥ 28 weeks of gestational age were included. Results: It was observed that maximum cases of Abruptio Placenta i.e 67.65% were multigravida. 41.47% of cases of Abruptio Placenta had hypertension. 4.41 % had Polyhydramnios. 61.76% delivered vaginally. 23.53% patients had postpartum haemorrhage whereas only 2.98% had undergone Postpartum Hysterectomy. The most common fetal complication in Abruptio Placenta was prematurity (35.71%). 5.89% patients of Abruptio Placentas died during Peripartum period. Perinatal mortality was high 48.58%. Conclusions: Abruptio placent is associated with significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Good regular antenatal care and availability of emergency medical services remains the backbone for the good maternal and perinatal outcomes.
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