AGE AND GENDER RELATED MORTALITY AND OUTCOME OF COVID 19 POSITIVE PATIENTSJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 12)
Publication Date: 2021-12-14
Authors : Suhail Mansoor Ghulam Jeelani Romshoo; Abroo Bashir;
Page : 696-702
Keywords : Age Gender COVID-19 Positive Patients Mortality;
Background: This study was aimed to evaluate the age and gender related mortality and outcome of covid 19 positive patients in order to further strengthen the management of covid 19 patients as the insights from these data will be useful in determining preventive measures and treatment policies of covid 19 patients. Methodology: This was a retrospective observational study done in adult covid positive patients admitted in Tertiary Care Hospital from first May 2020 to 30 June 2021.The age related mortality and outcome in these patients was analyzed. Results: A total of 816 adult covid -19 positive patients were admitted in a Tertiary care hospital,GMC Anantnag from May 2020 to June 2021. Among the patients, 53.55 % were males and 46.44 % were females. The mean of the age involved was 57.96 years. The most common presenting symptom was fever (85%) followed by cough (70%) and shortness of breath (40%). Approximately 20% of patients presented with nonspecific complaints (including generalized aches, pains, body aches, myalgias etc). All age groups were affected equally (29% in 15-50yr, 37% in 51-65yr, 33% in 66-100yr). Maximum patients (70% ) affected were more than 50 yr of age. About 73.4% were discharged, 6% were reffered, 20% expired. So, overall hospital mortality was 20%. Further, Maximum (86%) of covid positive patients expired in age group of above 50 yrs. Further, Male and Female Mortality was also same in covid positive patients. Conclusion: Males and females were affected equally by Covid -19 disease with no sex predilection.. Fever was the main presenting symptom. All age groups were affected equally but mortality was more in elderly age group. Further, mortality is same in male and female covid positive patients with no gender predilection.
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