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Reducing the hydrodynamic force in the hydraulic distributor by modernizing the spool coupe parts

Journal: Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik Bryanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta (Vol.7, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 356-368

Keywords : proportional valve; hydraulic distributor; hydrodynamic force; spool pair.;

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Due to a sharp change in the direction and velocity of the fluid flow in the hydraulic distributor, hydrodynamic forces arise. When positioning and holding the spool, the magnitude of the above forces determines the required control power. The aim of the article was to find an optimal constructive solution that would reduce the influence of hydrodynamic forces. In the article we have considered the theoretical foundations laid in the analytical solution of the problem of calculating the magnitude of the hydrodynamic force acting on the plunger of the spool. In addition, a numerical experiment was carried out using CAD Solidworks and the Flow Simulation application package and a comparison of the results obtained with the analytical solution of the problem. During the numerical experiment, it was found that by upgrading the spool sleeve, it is possible to reduce the value of the hydrodynamic force by 4.5 times, compared with the original design. At the same time, it was found that the modernization of the plunger does not further reduce the maximum hydrodynamic forces. The article highlights the economic benefits of reducing the required power to control the hydraulic distributor. The article may be of interest to both researchers whose research interests lie in the field of hydrodynamics, and manufacturers of hydraulics.

Last modified: 2022-01-31 16:54:08