Introduce and analyze of parent management training programs for reducing problem behaviors in preschool childrenJournal: Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry (Vol.7, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2020-09-10
Authors : Bahareh Eskandari Hamidreza Pouretemad Masoumeh Mousavi Hojjatollah Farahani;
Page : 147-169
Keywords : Parent; Problem behavior; Preschool child;
Introduction: Parent Management Training (PMT) is a general class of interventions which targets problem behaviors in children, and plays an important role in reduction or prevention of these kinds of behaviors in them. Aim: The purpose of this article is to review the PMT programs for problem behaviors in preschool children and gathering the characteristics of programs. Method: In this article, in order to find related papers, a systematic search strategy has been used. Different date-bases have been utilized: PsycNet, Sciencedirect, Medline, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science for foreign papers and ISC, SID and Irandoc for Iranian ones. Results: After removing the repetitive articles, the title of the PMT programs were discovered, amongst available articles, consist of 54 foreign and three Iranian programs. For each of these programs, a lot of data was collected, such as program title, researcher's name(s), target groups, publishing year of the program. Conclusion: There are numerous PMT programs that are designed to reduce the problem behaviors of preschool children, but these programs are often designed for children who do not suffer from any disorders or other inappropriate situations, except behavioral problems. In order to use PMT programs for special groups of children, characteristics of each group must be considered important in establishment of these programs.
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