A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation Technique on Anxiety Among Elderly People of Aged 60-70 Years in Selected Old Age Homes at New DelhiJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2021-08-05
Authors : Sonia Mehta; R Sree Raja Kumar;
Page : 9-13
Keywords : Assess the level of anxiety; Jacobson?s progressive relaxation technique; Elderly people;
An elderly who are residing in the old age homes may have the chances of experiencing anxiety as they are away from their children and experiencing old age health related problems. The purpose of the study was to reduce the anxiety among elderly by giving Jacobson?s progressive muscle relaxation technique. The objectives of the study were to assess the level of anxiety & the effectiveness of Jacobson?s progressive relaxation technique on anxiety among elderly people & to find out the association between post-test anxiety level with selected demographic variables among elderly people. A Quantitative research approach was used and the research design adopted for the present study was quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test design. The target population for the study was elderly people in selected old age home of New Delhi. Sample size was 60 data analysis was done by the basis of objective and hypothesis of study. The feasibility of the study and the standardized tools were assessed through a pilot study. The tool taken for the study was Hamilton Anxiety Scale. The data collection for the main study was done from January 15th to 15th February 2019. The study was conducted in old age homes at Nyi Duniya & Ashriwad old age home. Purposive sampling technique was used for selection of subjects. The target population selected for the study was 60-70 years? elderly people in the old age homes who met the inclusion criteria. The obtained data was analyzed based on objective and hypothesis by using descriptive and inferential statistics and hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study say that level of anxiety among elderly people before administered the Jacobson?s progressive muscle relaxation technique in experimental group 27 (90%) severe anxiety & 3 (10%) of very severe anxiety, in control group 29(96.7%) severe anxiety & 1(3.3%) very severe anxiety. After the administered the Jacobson?s progressive muscle relaxation technique in experimental group 21 (70%) had moderate anxiety & 9 (30%) had severe anxiety, in control group 28 (93.3%) had severe anxiety & 2 (6.7%) had very severe anxiety among elderly people. There was no significant association between post ? test scores of anxiety and demographic variable such as elderly age (p= 0.117), gender (p=0.745), marital status (p= 0.813), religion (p= 0.888), education (p=0.474), source of information (p=0.144), duration of staying in old age home (p= .580), any physical or mental illness, if yes then specify (p= 0.533). This study concluded that Jacobson?s progressive muscles relaxation technique was effective in reduction of anxiety among elderly people of age 60-70 years.
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