Challenges of Farmers Midst the Agrarian Reforms in IndiaJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2021-08-05
Authors : Gurteshwar Singh Dhillon;
Page : 280-282
Keywords : Small farmers; minimum support prices; Middlemen; farmers protest;
The Indian Agriculture Acts of 2020, often referred to as the Farm Bills were initiated by the Parliament of India in September 2020. The Lok Sabha approved the Farm bills on 17 September 2020 and the Rajya Sabha on 20 September 2020. The President of India gave his assent on 27 September 2020. It led to resent among the farmers, which gained momentum in September 2020.The study was conducted to study the perceptions of the small farmers about the new farm laws. It was an exploratory study of the cause of resentment and fear among the small farmers and an analysis of the genesis of the farm laws in India. Interviews and case studies were conducted among 30 small farmers in the Mansa district of Punjab. The findings of the study reveal that the acts have faced protests from farmers in various parts of India fearing that it will hurt their meager earnings. The main reason for opposition is the uncertainty regarding the implementation of the reforms, controversy surrounding the minimum support prices (MSP). There is a persistent agrarian distress in India and middlemen gobble up much of the profits. Small farmers hope that government should protect the interest of the farmers and reduce the complexities of the selling process of the farm produce.
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