Development of Participatory Educational Tourism Map in Subak PulaganJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2021-08-05
Authors : Ida Ayu Tantri; Sang Putu Kaler Surata; Nyoman Utari Vipriyanti;
Page : 471-477
Keywords : subak pulagan; educational tourism;
In 2012, UNESCO has designated several subak areas in Bali as world cultural heritage (WBD), because they have various extraordinary values, namely various norms, concepts, and life practices that can be applied to all human beings regardless of religious differences, beliefs, country and generation. According to UNESCO (2012) there are three extraordinary universal values of the Subak area that have been designated as WBD, namely the implementation of the Tri Hita Karana philosophy (three causes of life balance), an egalitarian democratic system and the role of the Subak temple network in managing lowland rice agroecology with a focus on aspects of spirituality. The main focus of educational tourism is to increase awareness by participating in maintaining the integrity of the environment (local culture) through a willingness to contribute to increasing the income of local communities. The development of educational tourism is one of the efforts to diversify and improve the quality of tourism products in maintaining the sustainability of the tourism business. The study used a participatory follow - up study design, which consisted of planning, implementing, observing and reflecting. The results of land use mapping in Pulagan Subak starting from the north (which includes the Gunung Kawi Temple Site Area) which shows that most of the subak area is used as rice fields, interspersed with garden areas/fields/moorlands in the north and along the east and south sides of Subak Pulagan. After identifying the tourism potential, krama subak then delineates the location of the supporting facilities needed in realizing the Development of Educational Tourism Areas in Subak Pulagan on the land use map or on the image map in the research area. Groups I, II, and III propose several developments of tourist attractions and infrastructure needed in the development of tourist attractions at the research sites. The results of the FGD showed that participants determined the area, travel route, tourism potential and the required supporting facilities.
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