The Effect of Rural-Urban Migration on Socio-Economic Development and Poverty Reduction among the Migrants in Khulna City of BangladeshJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2021-08-05
Authors : Mazharul Islam;
Page : 687-697
Keywords : Migration; poverty reduction; rural-urban migration; socio- economic development;
The key focus of this study was to explore the socio-economic conditions of migrants and the core attention was to identify the main cause and effect of rural to urban migration. The study was carried out by using a survey design and the sample size was 240. The study area was selected purposively and data were collected from the field using the random sampling method. The objectives of the study targeted to explore the impact of rural to urban migration on socio-economic development and how poverty reduction occurred among the migrants. Before the migration, 46.3 percent of the migrants? income was below 5000tk. but after the migration, 51.3 percent of the respondents? income level was 5000-10000tk which helps the in-migrants to reduce their poverty. When the people lived in rural areas 67.5 percent of people were employed, but after the migration, 99.2 percent of them were employed, which describes the greater importance of migration. Migration creates urban surplus labor and serious urban unemployment problems. The in-migrants arrival causes undue stress to the urban system which is now to deal with pavement dwelling, slums, squalors, disease, crime, and ultimate degeneration, which should be removed through proper steps and regular monitoring and supervision by strong government institutions.
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