Effectiveness of Diabetes Self - Management Programmes On Glycemic Control - A ReviewJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2021-08-05
Authors : Mariamma V George;
Page : 974-980
Keywords : diabetes self management programme; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; glycemic control;
Diabetes is an important public health problem, one of four priority non communicable diseases targeted for action by world leaders. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades. The starting point for living well with diabetes is an early diagnosis ? the longer a person lives with undiagnosed and untreated diabetes, the worse their health outcomes are likely to be. For those who are diagnosed with diabetes, a series of cost-effective interventions can improve their outcomes, regardless of what type of diabetes they may have. These interventions include blood glucose control, through a combination of diet, physical activity and, if necessary, medication; control of blood pressure and lipids to reduce cardiovascular risk and other complications; and regular screening for damage to the eyes, kidneys and feet, to facilitate early treatment. Diabetes management can be strengthened through the use of standards and protocols. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it has dire consequences for health and well-being. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness and visual disability. Diabetes mellitus is associated with damage to the small blood vessels in the retina, resulting in loss of vision. Findings, consistent from study to study, make it possible to suggest that after 15 years of diabetes, approximately 2% of people become blind, while about 10% develop severe visual handicap. Good metabolic control can delay the onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy. Loss of vision and blindness in persons with diabetes can be prevented by early detection and treatment of vision-threatening retinopathy: regular eye examinations and timely intervention with laser treatment, or through surgery in cases of advanced retinopathy. Diabetes is among the leading causes of kidney failure, but its frequency varies between populations and is also related to the severity and duration of the disease.
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