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Study on Infection in Women with Vaginal Discharge of Reproductive Age Group attending OPD at Tertiary Care Centre

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 9)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1228-1231

Keywords : vaginal discharge; Vaginitis; Bacterial vaginosis; Vulvovaginitis candidiasis; Vaginal candidiasis; Trichomonas vaginalis; trichomoniasis; Chlamydia trachomatis; Gonorrhoea; PID; reproductive age group;

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Aim: Aim of the present study is to find the incidence of various causes of vaginal discharge in females of reproductive age group (20 - 45 years) attending OPD at tertiary care center. Material & Methods: The present study was conducted between June 2020 and August2020. The respondents were females in reproductive age group (20 - 45 years) attending Obstetrics and Gynecology OPD with history of vaginal discharge. After detailed clinical examination of the patient, the posterior fornix was swabbed with a cotton tip applicator. Swab was sent for whiff test, wet mount examination, gram?s stain and culture. Results: A total of 100 women with vaginal discharge were studied, of which 77 were diagnosed with pathogens. The most common form of infection was mixed infection which was diagnosed in 36 patients (36 %). As a single pathogen, the next most common infection was Bacterial vaginosis seen in 24 patients (24%), Vulvovaginal candidiasisin 15patients (15%) and Trichomonasvaginalis seen in 2 patients (2%). Conclusion: The clinical manifestations of vaginits may vary. After getting the microbiological investigation of vaginal flora, we could come to the conclusion of the etiology of vaginitis. Clinical Significance: The identification of incidence of various causes of vaginitis in women of reproductive age group and its definitive treatment reduces further medical morbidity and complications in these women

Last modified: 2022-02-15 18:43:29