Characteristics of Adolescent Pregnancy at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar Period of January 2018 - December 2020Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2021-10-05
Authors : Made Darmayasa; Putu Adi Sujana Putra;
Page : 171-175
Keywords : Adolescent Pregnancy; Characteristics;
The average birth rate in Southeast Asia is 47 births/1000 adolescents, higher than the South Asian average of 35 births/1000 adolescents and close to the global average of 44 births/1000 adolescents. Pregnancy in adolescents can have a biological impact on the mother and fetus, as well as social and economic impacts. The biological impact in question is complications during and after pregnancy, including during childbirth. Therefore, this study will examine the characteristics and complications that occur in pregnancy in adolescents. This research is a retrospective descriptive study with variables taken from secondary data sources. The study was carried out at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar from December 2020 to January 2021. The research target population was pregnant women aged 15 to 19 years who came to the IRD Midwifery Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. During a period of three years from 2018 to 2020, 194 cases of adolescent pregnancy were found out of a total of 3606 cases, both those who gave birth and those who had abortions, which were obtained from the medical record data of the IRD Obstetrics and Gynecology at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar. Based on the table above, adolescent pregnancy has some of the highest characteristics including lower secondary education level (47.4%), high school education level (52.6%), unemployed (70.0%), primigravida (93.3%), and only 74.2% of pregnant adolescents are married. This study also found that preterm delivery is the most common complication in adolescent pregnancy.
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