Prevalence of Child Abuse: A Review StudyJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2021-10-05
Authors : Nisha Mary Rajan; Jogindra Vati;
Page : 1045-1048
Keywords : Child Abuse review study;
This study was conducted on prevalence of child abuse: Standard protocol of the systematic literature review was used in this study. Nearly 3 in 4 children - or 300 million children ? aged under 2?4 years suffer from child abuse at the hands of parents and caregivers. Every year, there are an estimated 40, 150 homicide deaths in children under 18 years of age, some of which are likely due to child abuse. The search was undertaken from July to September 2021. This drew on published literature in the electronic bibliographic databases of: Academic Search Complete, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), Global Health, MEDLINE Web of Knowledge and Scopus and supplemented by scanning the reference lists of papers included for review. Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) and Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) tools were used to assess the qualitative and quantitative studies. The search strategy retrieved 150 studies. After applying the process of selection, 20 studies were included for review. The study concluded that the Prevalence rates of Child abuse range from 8% to 31% for females and 3% to 17% for males. The highest rates have been reported for boys less than18 years, 19.3% and for girls in other countries. Asia has the lowest rates both 11.2% for girls and 4.1% for boys.
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