A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Temporary Family Planning Methods under the Age of 30 Years of Women in Selected Rural Area Kanth ShahjahanpurJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2021-10-05
Authors : Nidhi Vishnoi;
Page : 1190-1193
Keywords : Level of knowledge; rating scale; women under age of 30 years of age;
Background: India is the second largest country in the world where the population of world is increasing in an exponential manner. Population growth rate is rising and family planning is one way of controlling it. A study was conducted on women under the age of 30 years in rural area. Present study revealed that the awareness about contraceptive methods is almost universal but counseling of eligible couples on importance of small families and assisting them in making informed choice is needed to remove the obstacles in practicing contraception. The aim of the study is to improve the knowledge regarding temporary family panning methods. The health of women has historically been of vital importance to all societies because women are the basic resources of the future of mankind. Women are major consumers of health care. Population growth rate is rising and family planning is one way of controlling it especially when the male partner is involved. Family planning through contraception types to achieve two main objectives firstly, to have only the desired number of children and secondary to these children by proper spacing of pregnancy. India was the country in the world to formulate the national family planning programme in the year 1952 with the objective of reducing the birth rate of to the pollution at a level consistent with requirement of national economy. Objectives: 1) To assess the pre test level of knowledge regarding the temporary family planning methods. 2) To assess the post test levels of knowledge regarding temporary family planning methods. 3) To compare the level of pre test and post test level of knowledge about temporary family planning methods. 4) To find out the association between the knowledge about the temporary family planning method with selected demographic variables. Method: Prior to data collection, permission will be obtained from the institutional ethical committee and concerned authority. After obtaining consent from the sample the researcher will conduct the pre test by using structured questionnaire and the same day the researcher will administer the structure teaching programme, Later the post test will be conducted 1 week later by using the same questionnaire. Result: The mean score of post test is (18.5) was higher than pre test mean score (6.5). The computed ?t ?value (25.3) was found to be more than table value (t28 =1.701) at pless thano. o5 level of significance. Therefore, women have better knowledge after post test. chi square test was too used to test the association and demographic variable except for husband?s education. There was no significant association between age, religion, type of family, husband?s occupation, mother?s education, number of children, and monthly income of family. However, there was significant association with monthly income of family (x2= 3.87). Therefore the null hypothesis was accepted for all the demographic variables except husband?s education. Interpretation and conclusion: The mean score of post test was (18.5) is higher the mean score of pre test (6.5). The computed ?t? value (25.3) is higher than the table value at 0.05 level of significance (t28=1.701). Hence the null hypothesis is rejected and research hypothesis is accepted. The findings shows that there is a significant difference between pre test and post test women?s level of knowledge and findings are significant at 0.05 levels.
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