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An Observational Study of Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and Association of Risk Factors among Cataract Patients

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 11)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 92-95

Keywords : Seroprevalence; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Cataract;

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Aims: To study the seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) among patients of cataract surgery and to study the association of risk factors leading to hepatitis b, hepatitis C and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) among preoperative cataract patients. Methods: Preoperative cataract patients were selected for screening of viral markers. Local examination and systemic examination was done before enrolling the patients for the study. Results: The risk factor responsible for causing Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C were more common amongst patients who had history of blood transfusion (25.4% and 30.1% respectively), and patients who had received injection from unqualified practitioner(25.4% and 18.1% respectively) whereas the risk factor responsible for HIV (52.38%) was more with patients who had history of unprotected/ unnatural sex. Although history of previous surgery seems to be a risk factor but it statistically insignificant as it was also found in viral negative patients

Last modified: 2022-02-15 18:49:35