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Difference in the Number of Polymorphonuclear (PMN) Leukocytes of Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) in Various Blood Types of Patients with Gingivitis

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 12)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 276-279

Keywords : gingivitis; gingival crevicular fluid (GCF); ABO blood type; PMN leukocytes;

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Background:Gingivitis is an inflammatory condition in the gingiva caused by a buildup of plaque and bacteria on the gingiva. It is characterized by gingival redness, gingival enlargement, contour changes, bleeding, and increased gingival crevicular fluid volume. Components in the gingival sulcus include bacteria, desquamation epithelial cells, leukocytes, calcium, and enzymes that migrate through the sulcular epithelium.Aims of the study wereto determine the differences in the number of polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in various blood types of patients with gingivitis. Methods observational analytic with a study cross-sectional approach was confirmed in this study by checking gingival status based on clinical parameters gingival index (GI), so that 40 respondents were obtained. The data were analyzed using One Way ANOVA followed by Post HocHSD with a significance value 95%. Results: Based on the calculation of the number of PMN leukocytes using a hematology analyzer, the number of PMN leukocytes was blood type O (385?l), blood group A (368?l), blood group B (345?l), and blood group AB (314?l). The results of data analysis obtained a significance value of 0.000 (p less than0.05).The calculation results show there are differences in the number of PMN leukocytes against various blood type of patients with gingivitis. Conclussion: The highest number of leukocytes is blood type O, followed by blood type A, blood type B, and the lowest number is blood type AB. Gingivitis has various other risk factors such as age, sex, education, place of residence, bad habits, socio-economic, genetic, and smoking habits.

Last modified: 2022-02-15 18:57:28