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Effectiveness of the Reminiscence Therapy on Quality of Life and Psychological Well-Being of Elder Women

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 12)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 947-951

Keywords : Quality of life; psychological wellbeing; Reminiscence therapy; elder women; Aging;

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Introduction: Aging is associated with changes in biological, physiological, environmental, psychological, behavioral, and social processes.1Quality of life is the degree to which an individual is healthy, comfortable and able to participate in or enjoy life events.2 Psychological well-being implies once own perception of wellbeing and mindfullness.3Reminiscencetherapy is a process of recollecting memories of oneself in the past and can have positive impact on the psychological health of elders.4 Objective: To assess the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on QOL & PWB among elder women residing in Bagalkot. Method: The study was carried with pre-test post-test control group design. The samples were selected by complete enumeration method. The sample size was 140 elder women with 70 in study group and 70 in control group. Data collection was done with 3 instruments: Structured questionnaire to assess socio demographic profile, QOL BREFF scale and RYFF PWB scale. Data analysis was done with the help of SPSS software v-29. Independent ?t? test was used to find out the effectiveness of Reminiscence therapy on quality life and psychological well-being of elder women. Result: The calculated t =6.506value for quality of life before and after intervention was much higher than table?t? value (1.645) at ?=5 % and DF=138. Hence the intervention of Reminiscence therapy was effective in improving QOL. The calculated t=13.664 value for psychological wellbeing before and after intervention was much higher than table ?t? value (1.645) ?=5 % & DF=138. Hence the intervention of Reminiscence therapy was effective in improving PWB among elder women. Conclusion: There was a substantial improvement in the Quality of life & Psychological well-being scores of elder women in study group than control group after implementation of reminiscence therapy. Reminiscence therapy is a useful tool in dealing with psychological problems of elders.

Last modified: 2022-02-15 18:57:28