Somali Youth Unemployment and Its Effects on National Security: Case study: Some Selected Security Organizations in Mogadishu-SomaliaJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2022-01-05
Authors : Hassan Mohamed Yusuf UKUMEY;
Page : 224-232
Keywords : Youth unemployment and National Security;
Although the challenge of youth unemployment in Somalia has so clear to everyone, but now, the Main purpose of this article was to explore the youth unemployment and how it affects the national security in Mogadishu Somalia; specifically, the core objectives were, to find out the factors influence youth unemployment in Mogadishu Somali. And to identify the effects of youth unemployment on National security in Mogadishu Somalia. The most respondents who participated this article were male respondents 71.64%. and most of them have bachelors as you can see it was 43%. The sample size of this Article was eighty (67) respondents including Some Security officers, and some politicians who live in Mogadishu. In this Article the sample was reached through the Slovin?s formula. The study was conducted through descriptive research design and used questionnaires as the main instrument for collecting data. Data was analyzed using SPSS by assessing the frequency of respondents per question. The findings of this Article have shown that there were many factors that influence youth unemployment but it is obtained that 86% of the respondents said the most influential factor is the massive number of graduates and less job market opportunity while 87.8% of them said that Unemployment among the youth is the reason that has allowed anyone who wish to threaten the national security find youth to serve and exposed to any ideology that terrify national security. Lastly there was another question that determines Will increased employment reduced the threats of National security? And 76.4% of the respondents said yes that employment will reduce the threats of national security. The Article recommends that: The government should establish a lot of job opportunities to the youth and generate a policy to improve the level education and skills of Somali Youth. INGOs and Local NGOs in Somalia should strengthen and take part their role towards the direction of Somali Youth and creation of various job opportunities.
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