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Effects for barley growth and development of single exposure to low-temperature argon plasma at different organogenesis stages

Journal: RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries (Vol.17, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 20-30

Keywords : barley; Hordeum vulgare L; non-thermal argon plasma; morpho-physiology; yield;

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The paper presents the vegetation experiments results on the low-temperature argon plasma effect on barley plants ( Hordeum vulgare L.) of the Vladimir cultivar and its influence on morphophysiological parameters and yield. Plasma treatment was once at three organogenesis stages of barley plants: 3rd leaf, tillering and booting. Plasma exposure was 15 and 30 min. The barley plants were grown to full maturity. Analysis of barley yield structure did not reveal clear patterns in the change in most parameters resulted from the plasma treatment. However, 15 min plasma exposure on barley plants in the critical development stage (3rd leaf) increased by 77.8 % (p < 0.05) the root weight of plants compared with control. After treatment at the tillering stage, the number of spikelets per main stem ear increased by 18.5 % (p < 0.001) after 15 min plasma exposure, and by 11.17 % (p < 0.05) after 30 min exposure. An increase in the number of productive stems and the number of grains per lateral stem ear was observed. At the same time, 30 min exposure in the 3rd leaf stage reduced by 7 % (p < 0.05) the plant height. And the treatment in the tillering stage reduced by 39 % (p < 0.01) the root weight of barley plants. The effect of low-temperature plasma on barley plants at the booting stage was less expressed to the plasma effect at earlier development stages. This can be explained by the lower sensitivity of this stage of organogenesis. The obtained effects of single exposure to low-temperature argon plasma at different organogenesis stages of barley plants can be useful to increase barley yields.

Last modified: 2022-04-06 23:25:33