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Protein fragment intake and digestibility of protein in diets supplied to Chino Santandereano cattle

Journal: REVISTA MVZ CÓRDOBA (Vol.25, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 1-9

Keywords : Animal nutrition; fiber; nitrogen; protein supplements; ruminants;

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Objective. To quantify the concentration and consumption of the protein fragments (NPN, TP, RDTP, SDTP, NDIP, and ADIP) present in the diet supplied to cattle, and its effect on the digestibility of crude protein. Materials and methods. Diets offered to Chino Santandereano cattle in stables, receiving different levels of supplementation, were analyzed. Using four animals in the 4x4 Latin square design, the treatments were UNS, not supplemented; LOW, supplemented with an amount relative to 0.5% of body weight; MEDIUM, supplemented with an amount relative to 1.0% of body weight; HIGH, supplemented with an amount relative to 1.5% of body weight. Consumption was determined daily, and digestibility through total stool collection in the last two days of each period. Results. A higher concentration of crude protein was found in the supplement than in grass (p<0.001), the forage exhibiting a higher concentration of CPNPN (p<0.001). The supplement also presented a higher concentration of TP (p<0.001) and RDTP (p=0.027). Supplemented animals presented higher consumption of CP, CPNPN (p=0.037), TP, NDIP, RDTP, ADIP, and SDTP (p<0.05), however, when the concentration representing the consumption of ADIP in the consumption of CP was determined, no difference was observed between supplemented and UNS (p=0.078). Higher digestibility of CP was found in supplemented animals than in UNS (p<0.001), and an upward linear effect was observed between supplemented treatments as the level of supplementation increased. Conclusions. Supplementation improves the digestibility of crude protein by providing a greater amount of highly digestible nitrogenous fragments.

Last modified: 2022-04-27 23:33:16