Epidemiology of Ocular Trauma in a Tertiary Eye Care Center of Central IndiaJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2022-03-05
Authors : Saba Firdos Khan; Navneet Saxena; Richa Tripathi;
Page : 620-624
Keywords : Ocular trauma; BETTS; Open globe injury; closed globe injury;
Aims: To study the epidemiology of ocular trauma in patients presenting in a tertiary care centre and to evaluate its clinical presentation. Study Design: This prospective, hospital-based, observational study conducted at the Ophthalmology and Emergency Outpatient Departments from January 2021 to December 2021. Methods and Material: Detailed history was taken with special consideration to time and mode of injury. Patients examined as per the standard clinical procedures to identify the type, extent, severity of injury and impact on ocular structures. Statistical analysis used: Information was collected in a predesigned and pretested proforma. The collected data were entered and analysed using SPSS (version 17.0). Categorical and numerical variables analysed as frequency and percentage. Results: During this study, 270 patients were taken into consideration with 212 males (78.50%) and 58 females (21.50%) patients .Age group with maximum incidence was 31-40 years (24.44%) and 90.71% unilateral involvement. Road traffic accidents (34.07%) had highest incidence among all injuries and assaults (26.66%) among non RTA causes. Maximum patients (36.26%) presented within 6 to 24 hours.Based on BETTS classification close globe (69.26%) were more common than open globe injuries (30.74%) with Contusion (61.85%) being more common in closed globe and penetrating injuries (7.77%) in open globe injuries. Conclusions: This study highlights epidemiology of ocular trauma in patients presenting in a tertiary care centre in Central India. Mass awareness regarding potential risk factors & agents causing injury can prevent number of ocular hazards.
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Last modified: 2022-05-14 21:02:36