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A Comparison of the Nutritional Status of Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Hemodialysis Patients

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 686-689

Keywords : Hemodialysis; Malnutrition Inflammation Score; Body Composition Monitor;

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Background: In hemodialysis patients, malnutrition is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Diabetes patients on hemodialysis have a shorter life expectancy if their dietary health is inadequate. As a result, this study used anthropometric data, a malnutrition inflammation score, and a body composition monitor to determine the nutritional condition of diabetic and non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Methods: Nutritional status was determined in 70 patients. Among these, 35 were diabetic hemodialysis patients and another 35 were non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Anthropometric parameters, body composition analyzer, and malnutrition information score were used to assess the malnutrition status of hemodialysis patients. Results: Malnutrition is more common in diabetic individuals receiving hemodialysis than in non-diabetic patients receiving hemodialysis. There was a significant difference in muscle wasting between diabetics and non-diabetics (pless than.05), as well as a significant difference in blood albumin between diabetics and non-diabetics (pless than.001). A lower phase angle denotes a poor state of health, while a higher phase angle suggests a good state of health. When comparing diabetics to non-diabetics, there was a significant difference in phase angle (p0less than.05). Conclusion: Diabetic nephropathy patients have worse outcomes than non-diabetic patients, with a statistically significant difference (pless than005). Nutritional status in hemodialysis patients should be assessed on a regular basis, and early discovery of malnutrition can help to improve this condition.

Last modified: 2022-05-14 21:02:36