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Journal: University Economic Bulletin (Vol.0, No. 52)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 147-155

Keywords : strategy; investment; banks investment portfolio; investment strategy; banks investment portfolio management strategy;

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Subject of research is the current state of activity of domestic banks of Ukraine and ways of their effective investment activities. The purpose of the article is to study and characterize the ways of effective management of the bank's investment strategy. Methods used in the research process: method of system-structural analysis and synthesis, method of comparative analysis, generalization, general science, special methods of scientific knowledge and other research methods. Study results. Credit institutions in world practice are a significant segment of the investment market and play a significant role in this process. One of the components of effective management of a modern banking institution is the implementation of effective investment activities, which requires the selection of an effective investment strategy. The imbalance of domestic banking processes, as shown by domestic and international practice, is often the main prerequisite for the development of a crisis situation in an individual bank, is a threat to the stable development of the banking sector as a whole. One of the main problems in the functioning of domestic commercial banks is the instability of the economic situation in the country, namely declining GDP growth, inflation and devaluation of the national currency, which in turn led to the outflow of bank deposits, bankruptcy of many commercial banks in Ukraine, Covid-19. Over the past year, Ukrainian commercial banks have allocated about 17% of total bank assets to invest in securities. For many years, there has been a negative decline in the share of the banking sector in investing in securities, but there has been an increase in total assets of banks in Ukraine. In addition, the positive point is the increase in the share of investments in securities in the total assets of banks over the past two years, namely from 13.97% in 2020 to 16.88% in 2021. The strategy of the bank's investment activity is an integral interconnected structured complex (system) of consecutive actions (balanced management decisions) under resource constraints, which is aimed at forming long-term effective investment activities of the bank, strengthening the bank's competitive position in the investment market. Application of results. The results of the study can be used in the activities of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the National Commission on Securities and Stock Market, in the activities of banking institutions, as well as in higher education institutions in teaching economic disciplines. Conclusions. Thus, there is an extremely high degree of risk in the activities of commercial banks, and managerial errors can lead to the most serious consequences - so effective management for commercial banks becomes especially important. However, the key components of the theory of banking management are still poorly implemented in the practice of most domestic commercial banks. This also applies to the aspect of this theory, which is related to the management of the investment banking portfolio. Thus, the adaptation of the theory of investment portfolio management of commercial banks to the specifics of the Ukrainian economy is an unalterable necessity.

Last modified: 2022-05-28 19:08:10