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Trend analysis of Humidex as a heat discomfort index using Mann-Kendall and Sen’s slope estimator statistical tests

Journal: Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal (Vol.9, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 165-176

Keywords : umidity; Temperature; Meteorology; Data analysis; Iran;

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Background: The aim of this research was to assess the Humidex (HD) trends as a thermal discomfort index by analyzing meteorological data during a 30 year period of summertime in Iran. Methods: For this purpose, data regarding average temperature and relative humidity were collected daily from 40 different synoptic meteorological stations during a 30-year statistical period (1985-2014). The HD index was calculated based on temperature and relative humidity according to an equation introduced by Masterton and Richardson. The Mann-Kendall and Sen's slope tests were performed to analyze the changing trend of the HD. Results: Based on the findings, in 72% of the meteorological stations, the HD followed an upward trend, so that 40% of them was statistically significant. The changing trends in temperature during summertime throughout the studied years fluctuated greatly but generally, in many regions such as the arid, semi-arid, and humid regions, this trend was mostly incremental. Also, the changing trends in relative humidity in all regions was decremental throughout the years under study. Conclusion: The changing trend of the HD, which is based on temperature and humidity, was incremental in arid and semi-arid regions and decremental in the Mediterranean and humid regions.

Last modified: 2022-06-27 14:12:53