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The Role of Farmers' Tenure in Securing Loans: The Case of the Philippines' 'Hiraman' Agreement among Farmers

Journal: International Journal of Advanced engineering, Management and Science (Vol.8, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 01-05

Keywords : Farmers; farm tenure; ‘hiraman’ agreement; informal loans;

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This study aimed at exploring the role of farmers' tenure in securing a loan, specifically the 'hiraman' agreement among farmers. A sample of 50 respondents was randomly selected and the data were collected mainly through a questionnaire. A descriptive research design was used to analyse and interpret the data collected. The findings revealed that hiraman agreements among farmers are common in a certain area of the Philippines. Most of the borrowers who joined this agreement are farmers who have a tenure as tenants, followed by the farmers who are registered owners/partly owners. It also revealed that there were no farmworkers/laborers that have been entered into this agreement as their role is primarily for the cultivation only, such as planting, growing, harvesting, etc. Furthermore, the study showed the unique characteristics of the agreement and the major reasons for the farmer availing of and securing this loan. However, farmers still encountered constraints during the agreement such as uncertainties in the legal rights of the borrower, and the unavailability of payment instalments. Hence, conducting sustainability training and seminars for resource efficiency, intensification of the subsidy programs, and increasing the presence of formal institutions in the areato help increase the farmers' income is highly recommended.

Last modified: 2022-06-28 15:49:39