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«И побѣди радимичѣ Волъчии Хвостъ»: семантико-мотиваційна реконструкція неофіційного антропоніма. 2

Journal: Movoznavstvo (Vol.2022, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 47-63

Keywords : Kyiv Rus’; unofficial anthroponomy; semantics; historical and cultural analysis; voivode Волчии Хвостъ; Wolf’s Tail;

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The article is devoted to reconstruction of reference connections, denotative and connotative components of content, functional purpose, motivational basis of the anthroponym Волчии Хвостъ — unofficial name of the voivode of grand dukes Volodymyr St. and Svyatopolk Okayanny. The anthroponym is available in chronicle articles *984 and *1016. It is proved that the internal form of the name Волчии Хвостъ contains an allusion to the Svyatopolk, semes of moral and ethical, social, religious nature. The comparison of the chronicle articles content, chronology of historical events, images of the voivode in miniatures of the Radziwill chronicle, made it possible to reconstruct the approximate age of the voivode, some features of his appearance, the functional purpose of the artifacts that were linked with him, the motives of his actions and features of the psychological portrait. Thoughts regarding the time of the military campaign against the Radimichi, the participation of the Wolf's Tail in the battle of Lubech, the fate of the voivode after *1016, his relationship with Yaroslav the Wise and Svyatopolk, reason for getting the unofficial name Волчии Хвостъ were expressed. The widespread opinion about purely anecdotal nature of the article *984 in «The Tale of Bygone Years» with a funny character Волчии Хвостъ is refuted. In architectonics of the stories about the subjugation of the Radimichi comic connotation comes to the fore closing from the uninitiated reader deep semantic layers. The article *984 expresses the the chronicler's attitude to the voivode not before, but after the voivode went to serve Svyatopolk. The chronicle assessment of the voivode's actions on the eve of the battle of Lubech is analyzed. Most likely that the original version of the chronicle articles *984 і *1016 contained the informal name of the voivode, that after coming to power Yaroslav was removed and replaced by an unofficial name Волчии Хвостъ. Assumptions about the hypothetical presence of the name Волчии Хвостъ in the Synodal List of the Novgorod First Chronicle are made. The reception of the chronicle image of the voivode in the chronicle legends of the XVI century, literary works of the XIX century, etc. was analyzed. The assumption, that found by M. I. Kostomarov song «Pishchano, Pishchanino…» has been written in the village near the battlefield with Radimychi, where the cult of the wolf has prevailed since archaic times, is substantiated.

Last modified: 2022-06-29 19:19:43