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Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.10, No. 06)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 646-651

Keywords : Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus BMI High Blood Pressure;

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Background: Increased body fat levels are associated with an increased risk of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and dyslipidemia. Recommendations for treating obesity are currently based on BMI conditions, with variable cut-off points based on the presence or absence of obesity-related disease. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes are either overweight or obese. Although these basic clinical ideas may be well-received by many physicians and researchers, and are thought to be easily found in medical literature, the authors are unaware of any previous reports summarizing data on the important relationship between BMI and type 2 diabetes in a broad way. Aim: To compare BMI in diabetic hypertensives and diabetic normotensives. Methods: A prospective screening study was conducted in 200 studies aged 40-60 from November 2019 to October 2020 on patients with type 2 diabetes (both old and new cases) with high blood pressure without having any complications related to diabetes and age and gender-matched sex without high blood pressure. Results: The BMI average in group 1 was 27.98 ± 4.60 kg / m² and that in group 2 was 25.73 ± 3.02 kg / m², the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p <0.0001). The average systolic and diastolic blood pressure in Group 1 was 127.64 ± 13.41 and 86.20 ± 7.06 mmHg and for Group 2 blood it was 118 ± 10.80 and 77.52 ± 7.87 mmHg, the difference between the two groups was significant (010.0 in high numbers). Means Fasting Blood Group 1 blood sugar was 177.91 ± 62.52 mg / dl and Group 2 blood was 197.80 ± 74.75 mg / dl, the difference being statistically significant (p = 0.043). Conclusion: The BMI ratio in patients with diabetes and high blood pressure was significantly higher than in diabetes alone, indicating that high BMI is a risk factor for the development of macrovascular disorders and thus a sign of illness and death.

Last modified: 2022-07-15 19:20:20