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Chemistry and Effect of Nicotine, Smoking Pollution and Stopping it under Section of Law

Journal: International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (Vol.6, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 731-738

Keywords : smoking; pollution; nicotine; law; chemistry; effects; tobacco; chemicals; disease;

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“Chemistry,” includes a brief description of technologies used by cigarette manufacturers in a limited number of cigarette brands marketed as “reduced exposure” or “lower yield” products. These commercial products have not been met with widespread consumer acceptance. The following section, “Biomarkers,” focuses on the manufactured tobacco burning cigarette consumed by the majority of smokers in the United States and elsewhere. The review on “Chemistry” describes the chemical components of cigarette smoke and addresses aspects of product design that alter the components of cigarette smoke and factors affecting delivery of smoke to the smoker. In most cases, the data reported for chemical levels in mainstream smoke were derived under standard smoking conditions described by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission FTC and the International Organization for Standardization ISO . These standard conditions are puff volume of 35 milliliters mL , two second puff duration, one minute puff frequency, and butt length defined as either 23 millimeters mm for nonfilter cigarettes or the length of the filter overwrap paper plus 3 mm. When alternative smoking regimens are used, levels of potentially harmful substances in smoke emissions usually differ from those measured under standard conditions. For more details, see “Delivery of Chemical Constituents into Tobacco Smoke” later in this chapter. When people smoke, they do not use the puff volume and puff frequency programmed into smoking machines, and smoking habits vary significantly from person to person and cigarette to cigarette. Consequently, actual exposures to and doses of components of smoke cannot be derived from values obtained with machine smoking. Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of chemical compounds that are bound to aerosol particles or are free in the gas phase. Chemical compounds in tobacco can be distilled into smoke or can react to form other constituents that are then distilled to smoke. Researchers have estimated that cigarette smoke has 7,357 chemical compounds from many different classes .In assessing the nature of tobacco smoke, scientists must consider chemical composition, concentrations of components, particle size, and particle charge. These characteristics vary with the cigarette design and the chemical nature of the product.Scientists suggested an approach to identify the chemical components in tobacco smoke with the greatest potential for toxic effects. They considered the risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and heart disease. Using this approach, these investigators found that 1,3 butadiene presented by far the most significant cancer risk acrolein and acetaldehyde had the greatest potential to be respiratory irritants and cyanide, arsenic, and the cresols were the primary sources of cardiovascular risk. Other chemical classes of concern include other metals, N nitrosamines, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs . This evaluation, along with the Hoffmann list of biologically active chemicals, was used to select the chemicals. Other chemical components with potential for harm will be identified as analysis of tobacco smoke becomes more complete and cigarette design and additives change. Dr. Ashutosh Tripathi | Dr. Ashok Kumar Rai "Chemistry and Effect of Nicotine, Smoking Pollution and Stopping it under Section of Law" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-6 | Issue-4 , June 2022, URL: Paper URL:

Last modified: 2022-08-05 17:38:32