A STUDY ON FASTING LIPID PROFILE IN NONADIABETIC STROKE PATIENTSJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.10, No. 07)
Publication Date: 2022-07-13
Authors : Aakanksha Pitliya Bhavya Vangani Urvashi Rathore Asiff Nathi Aneef Soumya Koruth George; Johnson Padinjarayil Thomas;
Page : 178-185
Keywords : ;
Objectives: To study serum fasting lipid profile in patients with acute ischaemic stroke & to determine the significant correlation between them. To assess the role of aggressive control of dyslipidemia on recovery of stroke. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Patients admitted with Ischemic stroke into the Acute Medical Care Unit and Medical Wards in the department of General Medicine, SAIMS Hospital Indore, from December 2019 to November 2021, were taken for the study. Patients were subjected to a Fasting lipid profile at presentation and followed- up at 12 weeks and rechecked the fasting lipid profile and correlated with the recovery of stroke. Participants: A total of 50 Ischaemic stroke patients- 33 males and 17 females, participated. All subjects were above 50 years. Patients with suspected emboli of cardiac origin, haemorrhagic stroke, diabetes and h/o of head injury/usage of anticoagulant drugs were excluded from the study. None of the patients was on diet (or) other modifications to lower plasma lipid levels. Results: S.T.C was abnormal in 11 patients at onset and 8 pts after three months of statin therapy. TG was abnormal in 34 patients at the beginning and 35 pts after three months of treatment. LDL was abnormal in 32 patients at the beginning and 20 pts after three months of statin therapy. HDL was abnormal in 38 patients at onset and 35 pts after three months of treatment. VLDL was abnormal in 34 pts at the beginning & 35 pts after three months of statin therapy. After three months, the MRS score of most of the patients was 0 -1(21 pts), followed by a score of 0 (15 pts). Correlation between mNIHSS score and lipid profile showed a significant clinical improvement with reduction in the LDL levels & the corresponding p- value is .000, which is highly effective. Correlation between MRS score and lipid profile showed a good clinical outcome with a reduction in LDL levels & the corresponding p-value is 0.26, which is substantial. Conclusion: This study shows that higher levels of S.T.C, TG, LDL, VLDL is not the only significant risk factor for the occurrence of ischaemic CVD. A decrease in LDL levels shows significant improvement in clinical outcomes.
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