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Oral Health Condition and Cardiovascular Disease in Greece: Results of a Questionnaire Research

Journal: Journal of Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology (Vol.2, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1-17

Keywords : Epidemiology; Odds ratio; Cardiovascular disease; Risk factor; Periodontal disease;

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Objective: The aim of the current report was to examine the association between indices of oral health condition and cardiovascular disease in an adult Greek population. Material and Methods:1,026 individuals derived from two medical and one dental practice consisted the study sample. The participants underwent an oral and dental clinical examination and answered a questionnaire regarding oral health, dental care habits, cardiovascular disease, socio-economic and educational status. Odd ratios for all cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and the subgroup stroke, myocardial infarction and hypertension were assessed with a logistic regression model adjusted for age, gender, smoking, educational and socio-economic status. Results: After carrying out the logistic regression analysis model, an association between moderate/severe gingival inflammation (GI) and all CVD in general was observed (p=0.04, OR=1.87), and hypertension (p=0.03, OR= 1.73). There was also an association between severe PlI and all CVD (p=0.022, OR=1.78), and hypertension (p=0.015, OR=1.88). Moreover, an association was found between BOP all CVD (p=0.01, OR= 1.89), and hypertension (p=0.005, OR= 1.98). Conclusion: The results indicated that oral health and, especially gingival inflammation (GI), plaque accumulation (PlI) and presence of bleeding on probing (BOP) were associated with CVD and hypertension.

Last modified: 2022-09-13 21:15:13