RESOURCE APPROACH IN THE ANALYSIS OF COMMUNICATION OF PEOPLE WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENTJournal: PERSONALITY IN A CHANGING WORLD: HEALTH, ADAPTATION, DEVELOPMENT (Vol.10, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2022-09-30
Authors : Yakovleva N. V.; Malakhova K. A.;
Page : 275-285
Keywords : hearing impairment; psychological resources of the individual; communication; socialization;
The article is devoted to the consideration of social interaction of people with hearing impairment. Approaches to the definition of psychological resources of personality are considered; options for resource compensation of a communicative defect; a scheme of expenditures of psychological resources of personality is proposed. Exploring communication as an act of socialization in people with hearing impairments, possible ways and areas of using psychological resources were identified. Social interactions involve a wide variety of psychological resources that a person can use to establish positive and successful communication - these can be different channels of transmission and perception of information, as well as behavioral, cognitive, emotional, personal characteristics and abilities of an individual. Communication, as a fundamental component of socialization, involves the use of a variety of psychological resources. The violation of verbal communication separates people with hearing impairment from the speakers around him and creates difficulties in obtaining adaptive social experience. For people with hearing impairments, communication acts as a specific communicative act, since it can simultaneously involve various ways of interacting with an opponent. The psychological resources involved in such people will be realized through filling the deficit available in the three communication blocks allocated by G. M. Andreeva. Communication of a person with hearing impairment is a complex, multi-level system, respectively, the success of such communication will depend on the activation of external and internal resources of the individual to achieve the goal. Thus, considering the communication of people with hearing impairment allowed us to analyze which psychological resources can be updated in order to reduce the effects of sensory deprivation.
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