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Antibiotics and Probiotics Uses in Veterinary Medicine and the Presence of Coumarin in it

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences (IRJPMS) (Vol.5, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 56-66

Keywords : ;

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Despite the fact that the production of safe food for human consumption is the primary purpose for animal husbandry, the habitat as well as well-being of the animals must be taken into consideration. Based on microbiological attitude, the production of healthy food from animals includes the considering of foodborne pathogens, on one side and on the other side, the methods used to fight against pathogens during breeding. The conventional method used to control or prevent bacterial infections in farming is the actively using of antibiotics. Despite the fact that the banning of these compounds as growth promoters can cause different changes in animal breeding and their use has afterward been limited to the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. Unfortunately, the excessive and abusive use of these compounds have led to multiple problems which can cause harmful consequences on the consumer health which includes: Resistance to many antibiotics and the existence of antibiotic residues in the food. The effective use of probiotics seems to be an acceptable alternative to overcome these problems because of their capability to modulate the immune system and the intestinal microflora, and additionally considering their antagonistic contribution against definite pathogenic bacteria and their ability to play a part as growth factor (sometimes correlated with prebiotics) when it has been used as feed additives. This review aims to apotheosis that some of the effects for the use of antibiotics in the animal rearing as well as point up the present knowledge on the use of the probiotics as a feed additive, their impact on animal production and their potential efficacy as an alternative to common antibiotics. Also the presence and uses of coumarin in some of these products.

Last modified: 2022-11-03 16:02:05