Risk Factors Affecting Anxiety and Depression in Malignancy Patients in MakassarJournal
: Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences (Vol.7, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2024-01-01
Authors : Tutik Harjianti; Sitti Rahmah; Andi Fachruddin Benyamin; Syakib Bakri; Hasyim Kasim; Wasis Udaya; Saidah Syamsuddin; Arifin Seweng;
Page : 140-149
Keywords : anxiety; depression; Haematological malignancy; Malignancy; solid tumour;
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Objective: This study aimed to determine the risk factors that affect anxiety and depression in patients diagnosed with malignancy in Makassar.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 55 patients with malignancy who met the research criteria. Assessment of anxiety and depression was conducted using the GAD-7 and PHQ-9 instruments. The statistical test employed the Chi-Square test. The results were considered significant if the p-value < 0.05.
Results: The study found that 49.1% of the patients had anxiety, 61.8% had depression, and 45.5% had a combination of anxiety and depression. The analysis showed a significant relationship between performance status and anxiety (p< 0.01), performance status and depression (p< 0.05), as well as performance status with mixed anxiety and depression (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that performancee status ECOG ≥3 is a risk factor for anxiety, depression, and both anxiety and depression in patients diagnosed with malignancy.
Last modified: 2023-11-18 21:01:07