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Risk Factors Affecting Anxiety and Depression in Malignancy Patients in Makassar

Journal: Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences (Vol.7, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 140-149

Keywords : anxiety; depression; Haematological malignancy; Malignancy; solid tumour;

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Objective: This study aimed to determine the risk factors that affect anxiety and depression in patients diagnosed with malignancy in Makassar. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 55 patients with malignancy who met the research criteria. Assessment of anxiety and depression was conducted using the GAD-7 and PHQ-9 instruments. The statistical test employed the Chi-Square test. The results were considered significant if the p-value < 0.05. Results: The study found that 49.1% of the patients had anxiety, 61.8% had depression, and 45.5% had a combination of anxiety and depression. The analysis showed a significant relationship between performance status and anxiety (p< 0.01), performance status and depression (p< 0.05), as well as performance status with mixed anxiety and depression (p< 0.001). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that performancee status ECOG ≥3 is a risk factor for anxiety, depression, and both anxiety and depression in patients diagnosed with malignancy.

Last modified: 2023-11-18 21:01:07