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Antibiotic Resistance and Novel Antibacterial Agents

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences (IRJPMS) (Vol.7, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 34-42

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The effectiveness of our most important medical procedures is at risk due to antibiotic resistance, which has become a major worldwide health concern. This thorough analysis examines cutting-edge tactics for addressing this growing catastrophe as well as the intricate terrain of antibiotic resistance. The introduction provides an overview of the historical background of antibiotic use while highlighting the pressing need for alternative antibacterial agents and the evolution of resistance mechanisms. Through a methodical examination of the various mechanisms underlying antibiotic resistance, the paper clarifies genetic mutations, horizontal gene transfer, and the development of bacterial biofilms. A comprehensive analysis is conducted of the current obstacles to antibiotic development, which include financial limitations, legal barriers, and the consequences of improper antibiotic use. Epidemiological factors emphasise the incidence of antibiotic-resistant infections worldwide, placing particular bacterial strains and antibiotic classes at the top of the list of concern. The review examines innovative antibacterial drugs in light of the drawbacks of conventional antibiotics. Promising substitutes include bacteriophage therapy, CRISPR-Cas systems, antimicrobial peptides, and antibiotic adjuvants. The discourse delves into their modes of operation, obstacles, and latest developments, providing a sophisticated comprehension of their possible uses. For the development of new antibacterial drugs, navigating the regulatory environment is essential. This analysis offers insights into the incentives and frameworks that are in place at the moment. In order to effectively address antibiotic resistance, a multifaceted approach encompassing research, policy, and worldwide collaboration is urgently needed, as the conclusion synthesises significant findings. Antibiotic resistance is a serious threat to global health, and this assessment acts as a compass to direct future research and actions in the direction of a sustainable solution.

Last modified: 2024-03-03 18:33:58