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Migration, proliferation and cell death of regenerating liver macrophages in an experimental model

Journal: RUDN Journal of Medicine (Vol.27, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 449-458

Keywords : liver; regeneration; macrophages; migration; proliferation; apoptosis;

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Relevance . Macrophages are the leading regulatory cell-lineage taking part in reparative processes in mammals, and the liver is no exception. The ratio of monocyte migration, proliferation and death of macrophages during liver regeneration requires further studies. The aim was to quantify the intensity of monocyte migration, cell proliferation and apoptosis of resident liver macrophages after its 70 % resection in a mouse model. Materials and Methods. We performed 70 % liver resection in sexually mature male BalbC mice. Cells of liver monocyte-macrophage system were obtained by magnetic sorting by marker F4/80. The immunophenotype of the isolated cells was further studied by cytofluorimetry, the level of proliferation and cell death, the content of cyclins and P53 was determined by western blot. Results and Discussion . It was found that after partial hepatectomy there is a marked migration of monocytes/macrophages positive for Ly6C and CD11b markers to the liver, the migration process starts already in the first day after the operation. On the same terms there is a rise in proliferative activity of macrophages, established by Ki67 marker, the peak of proliferation - 3 days after partial hepatectomy. A significant increase in the number of dying macrophages was found early after liver resection. Conclusion . The obtained data indicate that liver regeneration in mammals on the model in mice is accompanied by proliferation migration and cell death of macrophages. Taking into account the immunophenotype of macrophages, we can conclude that Ly6C+ blood monocytes migrate to the liver, and resident macrophages participate in proliferation. The obtained data confirm the universality of the course of reparative processes in mammals.

Last modified: 2024-04-02 00:52:27