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Journal: International scientific journal "Internauka." Series: "Economic Sciences" (Vol.2, No. 82)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 157-165

Keywords : «green» purchases; «green» tariff; environmental policy; environmental tax; economic instruments; european integration; resource-saving technology; sustainable development; enterprise;

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The topical issues of applying effective instruments of environmental policy in order to achieve the goals of the European Green Deal were described. It's important in context of achieving the climate neutrality of the economy and the successful integration of Ukraine into the EU. It is noted that due to the emergence of internal and external risks caused by the pandemic, the military actions of the russian federation on the territory of Ukraine and their harmful consequences, there is a need to improve existing and develop new approaches to regulating environmental processes and reducing the anthropogenic impact of the activities of business entities. The problems of formation, regulation and functioning of environmental policy at grassroots, regional and national levels are highlighted in the scientific works of many domestic and foreign scientists. The results of their research are systematized and conditionally combined into the following groups: 1) theoretical and methodological foundations of state environmental policy, 2) financial and investment aspects of environmental policy and 3) organizational aspects of the application of policy tools. However, the system of economic instruments of state environmental policy needs in-depth research. Therefore, the purpose of the article was to develop proposals for improving the economic instruments of state environmental policy in the context of achieving the goals of the European Green Deal. The current economic instruments of state environmental policy are analyzed and grouped, in particular compulsory, stimulating and mixed ones are highlighted. It is noted that currently the key economic instruments of the state environmental policy in Ukraine are environmental payments, which according to the methodology of the European Commission should include environmental payments and rent for the use of subsoil, forest and water resources, as well as the «green» tariff. Proposals have been formulated to improve the current economic instruments of the state environmental policy in terms of implementing the system of «green» public procurement, modernizing the transport environmental tax, providing tax benefits for manufacturers that use resource-saving technologies and materials.

Last modified: 2024-04-17 07:26:26