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Obtaining New Bioemulsions Based on Lavender Extract and Surfactants

Journal: Revista de Pielarie Incaltaminte / Leather and Footwear Journal (Vol.23, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 257-266

Keywords : new bioemulsions; biotechnologies based on lavender extract and surfactants; immortelle; leathers processed;

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New bioemulsions were created using biotechnologies based on lavender extract (oil) and two surfactants: Tween® 20 and Tween® 80 mixture: E1 – lavender oil/Tween® 20/water; E2 – lavender oil/ Tween® 80/water; E3 – lavender oil/ Tween® 20 and Tween® 80 (ratio 1:1)/water, for different concentrations (28.56%, 7.14%) of lavender oil, in order to improve surface properties with applications in leather industry. More concentrated emulsions with oil lavender (28.56%) were marked E1c, E2c, E3c. In the process of finishing the leathers by spraying with six types of emulsions obtained compared to an untreated leather, the aim was to improve the antifungal, antimicrobial properties as well as the softness, appearance of the leathers. The order of introducing components in the developed biotechnologies, the working conditions, and especially the choice of the concentration of surfactants >CMC, are essential in the solubilization of vegetable oils and obtaining the desired bioemulsions. Comparatively, bioemulsions were made for the version with two surfactants, but instead of lavender, immortelle was introduced, resulting in emulsions: Lemulsion, Iemulsion. The bioemulsions and leathers processed with them were analyzed by FTIR-ATR spectroscopy, DLS and microbiological tests. It can be seen that the leather with the largest amount of lavender after processing with concentrated emulsions is E3c (having the highest intensity over the entire spectral range) and the maximum absorption specific to lavender oil was found. The lavender oil is fixed better on the leathers than the immortelle oil, with the new bioemulsions created.

Last modified: 2024-07-10 20:34:12