Impact of substance use on the Australian workforceJournal: Journal of Addiction & Prevention (Vol.1, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2013-12-30
Authors : Peter Gates; Rachel Grove; Jan Copeland;
Page : 01-06
Keywords : Workforce; Workplace; Employee; Alcohol; Drugs; Intoxication; Abuse; Absenteeism;
Employee substance use may incur substantial costs to society and employers through decreased workplace productivity as well as increased employee turnover, absenteeism and worker stress [1-8]. The annual cost of reduced workplace productivity associated with alcohol and illicit drug use in Australia was estimated at approximately $5 billion in 2004 . In addition to financial costs, substance use may increase the risk of occupational injury, or offsite injury leading to time off work, particularly in industries which may involve a greater frequency and severity of accidents such as the construction and mining industries . Similarly, it has been shown that workplace alcohol use (defined as use during work or within two hours after, or prior to, work) is associated with an increased risk of workplace injury . This risk of injury, however, may be partially explained by other problem workplace behaviours which are more frequently observed among workplace substance users compared with non-users, such as deviance, unprofessionalism and dishonesty.
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