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Observational study for evaluation of clinical outcome of non-descent vaginal hysterectomy

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.2, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 151-159

Keywords : Vaginal hysterectomy; Menstrual complaint; High risk group; Complications.;

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Introduction: Hysterectomy is the fairly common operative procedures carried out in the gynecological practice. Abdominal hysterectomy has it own limitation in high risk groups and had post operative complications. So the present study was undertaken with objective to find out the efficacy of vaginal hysterectomy in other than prolapse patients to assess its safety and to determine efficacy of adjunctive procedures by vaginal route. Material and methods: Total 60 patients having indication had vaginal hysterectomy without vaginal prolapse having uterus up to 14 weeks size. Patients having capability of lithotomy position and adequate vaginal access were included in the study. Patients suspected or undiagnosed malignancy of urogenital organs and associated other pelvic pathology or abdominal pathology was excluded. After thorough general and systemic examination after USG patient were posted for vaginal hysterectomy. Preoperative and post operative complications were noted and managed accordingly. Results: In present study 80% of the patients were above the age of 40 years. 76.7% of the vaginal patients were having parity 3 or more. Most patients were having more than one complaint. But most common complaint among them was menstrual irregularities and associated medical problems were noted in 51.7% patients. Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery was not a contraindication for vaginal surgery. Most common indication for vaginal hysterectomy was fibroid Uterus in 41.7% and dysfunctional uterine bleeding 38.3%. In the present series, patients with fibroid size up to 14 weeks were operated vaginally successfully. The amount of blood loss was less than 50 ml in this study. Significant blood loss requiring blood transfusion was not found in this study. There was no bladder or bowel injury the special techniques used was bisection, myomectomy, morcellation and combination. The most commonly used technique was bisection. Mean duration to complete vaginal hysterectomies was 48.6 minutes, period more than that was required when there was presence of concurrent A and P repair. No patient required blood transfusion maximum i.e. 63.3% patient’s blood loss was less than 50 ml. There was no bowel or bladder injury during procedure and immediate post operative pain. Febrile episode and UTI was complained with no long term complications. Average hospital stay was 3 days. Conclusion: Vaginal hysterectomy in patients with up to 14 weeks for non-descent large uterus is safe and practical. It ensures minimal blood loss, early postoperative recovery, early ambulation, reduced duration of hospital stay.

Last modified: 2015-06-25 17:59:21