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Bases of technique of sprinting

Journal: Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik (Vol.47, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 41-46

Keywords : index of activity; technique of run; parabolic and cycloidal trajectories of movement of the general center of a body weight; anthropometrical characteristics;

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Purpose: to determine the biomechanical consistent patterns of a movement of a body providing the highest speed of sprinting. Material and methods: the analysis of scientific and methodical literature on the considered problem, the anthropometrical characteristics of the surveyed contingent of sportsmen, the analysis of high-speed shootings of the leading runners of the world. Results: the biomechanical bases of technique of sprinting make dispersal and movement of the general center of body weight of the sportsman on a parabolic curve in a start phase taking into account the initial height of its stay in a pose of a low start. Its further movement happens on a cycloidal trajectory which is formed due to a pendulum movement of the extremities creating the lifting power which provides flight duration more in a running step, than duration of a basic phase. Conclusions: the received biomechanical regularities of technique of sprinting allow increasing the efficiency of training of sportsmen in sprinting.

Last modified: 2015-07-06 19:23:34