Recent trends of homicidal deaths in Bhavnagar region - A two year retrospective studyJournal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.2, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2015-08-12
Authors : Parmar DJ; Bhagora LR; Parmar RD; Suvera KM;
Page : 45-54
Keywords : Homicide; Victims; Injuries; Sharp/blunt weapons; Motive; Bhavnagar.;
Introduction: Murder, the destruction of an individual is the most heinous expression of aggression found in any culture. To curb the menace of rising incidences of homicide is matter of public interest; else it may become an acceptable option. This study explores recent trends of homicide in Bhavnagar region to bring in to spotlight this emerging threat. Material and Methods: Study was conducted by retrospectively reviewing available data of 59 homicide victims, autopsied in Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College and Sir T. General Hospital Bhavnagar during the period of two year, from May 2013 to April 2015. Results: The incidence of homicidal death was 2.40%. Male victim’s predominated over female victims with ratio of 2.47:1. Majority of victims belonged to age group of 21-30 years (28.81%) with male preponderance in all age groups except 0 to 10 years. Majority victims were married (62.71%) where also, male dominance prevailed. Offenders used sharp weapons (35.59%) more commonly than blunt weapons (23.73%) though head was most vulnerable part which suffered highest injuries (25.12%) as well as fatal wounds (32.86%). Alliance of Head targeted by blunt weapon (89.42%) and chest by sharp force (79.51%) was evident. Defence wounds were in 20.34% victims. Multiple injuries were more in male victims and most common cause of death was shock and haemorrhages (47.46%), where male predominated. However, female victims surpass male in death due to mechanical asphyxia and burns. About 50% victims died on the spot or were brought dead, while very few could survive more than 24 hours despite of hospitalization. Main motives of homicide emerged as arguments (20.34%) and revenge (18.64%) which is an apprehension to be addressed aptly. Conclusion: Murder is an act of moment in mind occurring under excitement or incitement. Hence, authors emphasize to focus upon once ability of making balanced thinking over any problem with reasonable tolerance.
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