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Fine needle aspiration cytology role in head and neck lesions

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.2, No. 8)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 99-104

Keywords : Head and neck swellings; Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC); Tuberculous lymphadenitis; Non-specific lymphadenitis.;

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Introduction: Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a simple, quick and inexpensive method in the head and neck region. It also affords a practicable and means of rationally planning surgery and causes minimal trauma to the patient and carries no risk of complications. Aim and objectives: The aim of this study was to see the frequency of various pathological conditions detected on FNAC in patients presenting with head and neck swellings and to evaluate the role of FNAC in diagnosis of head and neck swellings. Material and methods: A retrospective study was conducted in Department of Pathology, SMIMER Medical College, Surat from July 2014 to June 2015which included 250 patients with head and neck swellings presenting to Outpatient clinics. Fine Needle Aspiration Diagnosis was correlated with detail of relevant clinical findings and investigation. Results: Maximum incidence was observed in the age group 31-40 years with higher incidence among males. Out of 250 cases, 160 cases of lymph node lesions were diagnosed of which non-specific lymphadenitis was the commonest diagnosis (47%) followed by Tuberculous lymphadenitis (25%). 57 cases of thyroid lesions were diagnosed, in which incidence rate of benign thyroid lesions was (84%). 12 cases of salivary gland lesions were found, among which pleomorphic adenoma was common (67%). Conclusion: It was concluded that non-specific lymphadenitis is the commonest condition in patients presenting with neck swellings. FNAC is a simple, safe and inexpensive tool for the assessment of patients with head and neck swellings. It could differentiate the infective process from neoplastic one and avoids unnecessary surgeries. Thus, FNAC can be recommended as a first line of investigation in the diagnosis of head and neck swellings.

Last modified: 2015-08-13 17:54:02