ABOUT SOME GROUPS OF VERBS IN KARTVELIAN LANGUAGESJournal: Science and world (Vol.2, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2014-06-26
Authors : Kakachiya M.D.; Margiani K.I.; Dzhgarkava M.D.;
Page : 121-123
Keywords : Semantic Mark-up; Kartvelian Language; polipersonalism; agglutinism.;
Complexity of the verb in the Kartvelian Languages is conditioned by lots of factors, they are as follows: polipersonalism, agglutinism, a variety of quite complicated grammar categories and accordingly the issue of their mark-up, interrelationship between voice and diathesis, inversion… Typological classification of languages as syntaxic mark-up languages and semantic mark-up languages can be considered as already established in the contemporary linguistics. While being morphologically marked Georgian and other Kartvelian Languages show a strong semantic motivation. Personal signs in Svanian, Megrelian and Lazian languages can be classified and grouped according to the principle of activity and inactivity. Like literary Georgian Language in Kartvelian Languages the verbs belonging the following semantic group ? reflecting feelings, body condition, thinking process, possession, have an inactive subject. Having analyzed the data obtained from Svanian, Megrelian and Lazian languages it is evident that verbs grouped according to their semantic mark-up are similar to Georgian ones and reflect an unified Kartvelian system.
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