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Journal: Science and world (Vol.1, No. 14)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 87-95

Keywords : grain drying; electromagnetic induction; the amount of generated heat; the Maxwell formula;

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The method of drying of grain and removal of moisture which is based on receiving and processing of arising thermal processes described by the thermodynamics equation is developed. This way was a little studied and was less often applied because of considerable imperfection of the production technology of the converter of frequency of big power (to some hundred kilowatts) and frequencies (to some hundred kHz). However, at present the equipment for induction heating gained big development and its application on drying installations in comparison with traditional ways of heating more preferably. Offered induction way of drying of grain where the grain material passes through drying mine by gravity. For carrying out pilot studies, it is developed the transistor?thyristor device, which consists of the control unit, the converter of frequency, the bunker with the screw in it that has helix surface, inductor windings, and a hydrometer. The algorithm of receiving and data processing is developed in the MATLAB software. At further increase in frequency the coefficient of losses won't change, therefore, considering that our device works in GHz range coefficient of losses will be constant, i.e. equal 0,6. Therefore when studying influence of humidity of grain on coefficient of losses we can consider with confidence that frequency doesn't influence the accuracy of measurements. The amount of heat received by moisture in a weevil increases with increase in its humidity. It is a first time when the Maxwell’s formula is suitable for calculating a heat taken from grain moisture. Reduction in specific cost of all plants demands the appeal to development and introduction simple on a design of induction heaters that is an actual problem. Agricultural production, unlike other types of production, possesses a considerable resource ? the reserved energy in a biological object. Thus, use of information approach to the description of reactions of biological objects on external influence allows to develop electrotechnologies for increase of productivity, productivity of the grain drying equipment, decrease in power consumption of process of drying of grain.

Last modified: 2015-09-15 21:08:04